Nearly 90% of people over the age of 65 have at least one cataract. Half of the population between 75 and 85 years old have lost part of their vision to a cataract. Cataracts are a common eye condition that accompanies age and can lead to blindness if left untreated.
Cataracts are a cloud over the lens of your eye that blurs vision. Age causes the lens to harden and get dense, interfering with your eye’s natural function. Because the lens is no longer clear, it can’t transmit clear images to your retina.
There are three different types of cataracts, and the area of your lens that is affected by the protein buildup may affect your symptoms. Common types of cataracts include subcapsular cataract, nuclear cataract, and cortical cataract.
To some extent, you can’t protect your eyes from aging and developing cataracts. But there are some factors that may increase your risk for developing cataracts, including:
- Extensive sun exposure without eye protection
- High blood sugar
A cataract develops very slowly, and you might not notice it at first. Here, the doctors at UltraVision share some of the most common warning signs of cataracts. Recognizing these symptoms can help us identify problems with your vision. If you suffer from cataracts, our team at UltraVision offers the latest in cataract surgery to correct and improve your vision.
Cataracts form with age. As you get older, the proteins that naturally occur in the lens of your eye break down and form a cloudy film. The clouding interferes with your vision and is often compared to looking through a foggy window. Cloudy vision is one of the most common symptoms of cataracts.
Cataracts interfere with your eye’s ability to absorb light. Lights appear brighter, and they can make your eyes hurt. The contrast of lights at night can cause significant problems, especially if you’re driving. If you find driving at night difficult, have your eyes examined and don’t drive if you can’t see well.
Light sensitivity is a sign of cataract development. You might notice a halo effect or glare when looking at lights. This can be particularly apparent if you’re driving at night and struggle with streetlights and the headlights of oncoming cars, contributing to poor night vision. Glares and bright lights might be painful and significantly impact your vision if you suffer from a cataract.
Cataracts can make your vision blurry, even when you’re wearing glasses or contacts. The blurry, cloudy vision can make focusing on words or even a friend’s facial expression difficult. If you find reading difficult, or your eye prescription changes frequently with no improvement in your vision, you may have a cataract.
The proteins that collect and harden on the lens of your eye can make seeing color difficult or impossible. The cataract can turn brown or yellow, making the light your eye takes in have a yellow tint. If you notice colors dulling or looking yellowish, it’s a sign of cataract development.
While cataracts are most common in older men and women, injury or genetics can cause cataracts to develop at any age. If you notice that your vision is getting worse and your glasses or contacts prescription doesn’t seem to help, cataracts might be the problem.
Recognizing the signs of cataracts can help you keep your eyes healthy and your vision clear. If you think you might have cataracts, make an appointment with the experts at UltraVision today to learn more about your cataract surgery options.